Canadian Citizenship

Apply to become a Canadian citizen, prepare for the citizenship test.

Canadian Citizenship

canadian citizenship

One of the world’s most welcoming nationality policies is that of Canada. Because of this, countless people each year qualify for Canadian citizenship, and more than 85% of those in this country as permanent residents do so.

To be eligible for Canadian citizenship, a person must, among other things, complete the residency criteria, be able to speak both English and French, and their criminal record must not be viewed as a barrier to citizenship, requirements facilitated by Immigration Consultancy.

Eligibility for Canadian Citizenship

  1. Possesses a permanent residence.
  2. Comply with Canada’s physical presence requirements.
  3. Submit your tax returns (If required).
  4. If you’re between the ages of 18 and 54, pass the citizenship test.
  5. Verify your language proficiency (if you are between the ages of 18 and 54).

Permanent Residence Status

You must be a permanent resident to apply for Canadian citizenship. It is not necessary for your Permanent Residence (PR) card to be current at the time of application; you may apply even if your PR card has expired. To maintain permanent resident status, you must not be the subject of an immigration or fraud review, not be under a deportation order, and not have any unfilled requirements for your permanent resident status (such as unfulfilled requirements for a medical screening).

Canada’s Physical Presence Requirements

Before applying for Canadian citizenship, unless there are special circumstances, you must have spent at least three of the previous five years (1,095 days) residing in Canada. The three-year minimum is not applicable to children under the age of 18, who must also have permanent resident status.

Before becoming a permanent resident, you may count some of the time you spent living in Canada as a temporary resident or as a protected person towards your physical presence requirement. In the previous five years, you may count as one-half day each day that you were a temporary resident or protected person in Canada. As a temporary resident or protected person, you may count to 365 days toward the physical presence requirement.

File your taxes (if necessary)

You could be required to file taxes in Canada for at least three years prior to submitting your application for citizenship, if appropriate.

Even if you only partially resided in Canada during the year, you might be required to file an income tax return if you:

Taxes for the year must be paid.

Want to claim a refund?

Wanting to receive credit and benefit payments.

Pass a Canadian Citizenship Test

If you are 18 to 54 years old when you submit your citizenship application, you must pass a citizenship test in Canada. 30 minutes are allotted for the exam, which consists of multiple-choice and true/false questions. Either French or English can be used to complete the test. 15 out of 20 is considered a passing score.

The test will include questions on Canadian citizens’ rights and obligations as well as information about the country’s history, geography, economy, government, laws, and symbols.

Prove your language skills for Canadian Citizenship

A Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) score of 4 or higher in either English or French is also required for applicants between the ages of 18 and 54. IRCC evaluates your language abilities in several different methods, such as

  • Check the documentation you provide proves your linguistic abilities.

  • How well you communicate with citizenship officials throughout the application process may be noted by IRCC.

  • If required, IRCC may evaluate your language abilities while you are in front of a citizenship authority at a hearing.

Attending a secondary or post-secondary educational program in English or French might serve as evidence of your language proficiency. The results of your completed English or French language test will also be accepted by IRCC. For instance, you could have finished this as a requirement for your application for Canadian permanent residence or as part of a language program in Canada.


The following individuals will not be granted Canadian citizenship:

  • Do not pass their citizenship test or interview.

  • Do not reach the minimum required residency days in Canada.

  • Are not able to communicate in either English or French.

  • Are unable to submit the necessary papers for residency verification.

You might not be eligible for Canadian citizenship if you have a few legal or criminal difficulties.

  • Your citizenship has been revoked within the last five years.

  • If during the last three years, you were found guilty of a crime.

  • You’re on probation, parole, or incarcerated.

  • You have a removal order against you from Canada.

  • Furthermore, you are being investigated or have already been found guilty of committing a war crime or a crime against humanity.

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