Canada’s Immigration System Steps in Canadian Immigration Selection Process Screening Process Success Selection Process IRCC adheres to an immigration strategy that helps spread the positive
Canada’s Immigration System
Steps in Canadian Immigration
IRCC adheres to an immigration strategy that helps spread the positive effects of immigration across the nation. They choose immigrants based on their ability to contribute financially, their need for humanitarian aid, and to reconnect families.
IRCC set goals for the total number of immigrants they let into the country each year under each category of immigration. They provide the public, the provinces and territories, businesses, and organizations that assist immigrants in settling in Canada the chance to voice their opinions before the targets are finalized.
For Canada to have the workers it needs to fill important labor market gaps and maintain a robust economy in 2023, the goal is to welcome 465,000 permanent residents.
In 2024 and 2025, respectively, Canada expects to accept 485,000 and 500,000 permanent residents. This represents around 1.2% of the total population.
Provinces and territories are also choosing an increasing proportion of immigrants from the economic category. According to the Canada-Quebec Accord, Quebec is in charge of choosing economic immigrants and a portion of the refugees who enter the province.
Canada has recently altered the proportion of several immigration groups to place more emphasis on the economic category.
Before they are allowed to enter Canada, all prospective immigrants undergo thorough screening in order to safeguard the health, safety, and security of Canadians.
Any applicant seeking to settle permanently in Canada must submit:
A police report or criminal history
Biometrics (fingerprint) and photo
By screening potential immigrants, they made sure that immigrants:
Is in good health (as confirmed by a medical exam).
Hasn’t committed a severe crime,
Doesn’t threaten Canada’s security, and hasn’t broken any international or human rights.
Has a valid passport or other travel authorization.
The selection procedure is the first step to success in Canada.
Skilled immigrants are selected who may settle in Canada and boost the economy through the economic immigration category. The Express Entry mechanism aids in controlling the flow of educated immigrants into Canada. A highly developed scoring system forecasts the success of immigrants in Canada.
The points system takes into account all the following information:
Genuine employment offer
Nomination from a province or territory.
Invitations to apply for immigration are only extended to those who scored the highest.
Settlement services help to maintain success.
Canada wants immigrants to thrive and enrich their culture and civilization. In order to aid immigrants in integrating into their communities, Canada finance services. In Canada, there are more than 500 settlement service providers. They support all immigrants to
Learn about Canadian culture and local lives
Learn a language.
Develop contacts with established immigrants and Canadians
Settlement assistance puts newcomers on the road to eventual citizenship by assisting them in adjusting to life in Canada. In accordance with the Canada-Quebec Accord, Quebec is in charge of offering settlement assistance to its immigrants.
Why does Canada Invite Immigrants?
Economic growth and employment creation are facilitated by immigration. The amount of people working (sometimes referred to as the labor force) and paying taxes to support public services, including healthcare, is one way to gauge the health of a country’s economy.
Canada’s labor force has been increasing annually as a result of immigration. Aside from the necessity of funding for public services, it is crucial for employers to locate suitable candidates to fill open positions. Consequently, fewer children are being born to Canadians who are living longer. The number of students in schools is declining as more people retire. The pool of current and potential workers who were born in Canada is therefore small.
Supporting Aging Population
Canada’s working population contributes income tax, which is used to fund essential services like healthcare and education. The ratio of employees to retirees was about 6 in 1980. The ratio of employees to retirees was 4 in 2015. The ratio will drop to only three workers for every retiree by 2030 when 5 million Canadians are expected to reach retirement age. Without immigration, Canada wouldn’t be able to continue providing its citizens with the same level of services due to the effects of an aging population.
The issue cannot be resolved by immigration alone, but it can aid in the efforts to preserve economic growth and uphold the promises to social programs like public pensions, health care, and others while also addressing other pressing issues.
Meeting Labor Market Needs
Some firms are already having problems filling positions with Canadian-born candidates. For their beneficial effects on the Country’s economy, more than six out of ten times, immigrants are chosen. According to the Express Entry program, the top 5 occupations of applicants are as follows:
Developers and designers of software
Information systems analysts
Financial auditors and accountants.
Experts in advertising, marketing, and public relations
Entrepreneurs from other countries help the economy thrive by
Luring foreign capital to Canada
Approximately half of all Canadians with STEM degrees are immigrants, who frequently possess strong STEM skills. It’s crucial that immigrants meet Canadian job criteria in terms of education, experience, and training in order to get employment here. We are collaborating with employers, provinces, and territories to hasten the process.
By accepting tasks that Canadians are uninterested in performing, immigrants can also meet labor market shortages.
Maintaining Canada’s educational system
Every year, the economy receives more than $21 billion from international students in the form of tuition and student expenditure. Their spending exceeds the value of Canada’s exports of lumber, airplanes, and car parts combined.
Canada’s long-term competitiveness is supported in large part by international education. Canadians are exposed to various cultures and ideas by international students who study here. As a result, innovation is sparked and crucial cross-cultural skills are developed. If these pupils opt to immigrate to Canada, they contribute to the country’s economic success.
International students are represented.
27% of all students are enrolled in math, computer, and information science courses.
19% of all students are enrolled in programs in architecture, engineering, and related fields.
Many students majoring in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics choose to stay in Canada and pursue professions there.
There are many entrepreneurial immigrants. Immigrant-run companies not only boost commercial connections with Canada but also produce jobs for Canadians. The knowledge of co-ethnic networks and home countries among immigrants can lower transaction costs and facilitate trade (both imports and exports). Due to their increased demand for products from their home nations, immigrants increase imports.
There is a greater selection of imports available to all Canadian consumers because immigrants frequently have a need for products from their own country. Because of their networks in their native nations, immigrants are also better able to export.